About once a year or so, I'll bake a fancy, decadent cake. This year's excuse came with an invitation to a dinner party this evening, and since I know one of the guests is allergic to wheat gluten, I pulled out an old favorite recipe for a flour-free Viennese chestnut almond torte. My recipe originates from Lilly Joss Reich's The Viennese Pastry Cookbook (1970), but I've tweaked it over the years.
Here are the ingredients:
4 egg yolks
3/4 cup sugar
1 15.5 oz. can of chestnut puree
2 Tbs. rum (optional)
1 cup ground almonds (I use Trader Joe's almond flour)
5 egg whites
Chocolate whipped cream filling:
5 oz. bittersweet chocolate
1 c. heavy cream or whipping cream
1/2 c. apricot jam
2-3 Tbs. rum (optional)
4 oz. bittersweet chocolate
3-4 Tbs. water
1-2 Tbs. butter
9-inch springform pan
Step 1: Baking the torte
Butter and flour the pan (use almond flour instead of wheat flour if you're avoiding wheat gluten), and set it aside. Take the chestnut puree and pass it through a wire mesh sieve or ricer to fluff it up--you should have a heaping 2 cups of puree when you're done. Alternatively, you can boil or roast the chestnuts, peel them, and then rice or grate them, which is what I used to do until we moved to Vancouver and I discovered that canned chestnut puree is readily available in the French and Italian specialty shops here.
At this point, you can start preheating the oven to 350 F.
Next, beat the egg yolks and sugar together in a large bowl until they are thick, pale yellow, and form the ribbon. In another bowl, beat the egg whites until they form stiff and shiny peaks. (For detailed advice on these steps, I consulted Julia Child, The Way to Cook, but I'm sure you can find excellent tutorials on the web as well.)
If you're using the rum (I skipped it because there will be children at tonight's party who will likely not enjoy the taste), sprinkle it onto the chestnuts. Use a rubber spatula to mix the riced chestnuts into the beaten egg yolks and sugar. Next, fold in the ground almonds, and then quickly but carefully fold in the egg whites. When you have incorporated the egg whites, pour the batter into the springform pan and place it in the oven.
Bake at 350 F for ten minutes, and then reduce the heat to 325 F. Continue baking for another 45-60 min. The torte is done when you insert a fork or toothpick and it comes out dry. When the torte is ready, take it out of the oven and let it cool on a rack until it reaches room temperature. When the cake is cool, run a knife around the edges, and remove the ring of the springform pan. Lick the crumbs, if any, so you can get a first taste of your torte.
Note: the torte at this point will look quite modest. It should rise a bit in the oven, but it's likely to fall as it cools, and it's usually only about an inch or so thick (at least when I make it):
Don't worry about how the torte looks: it tastes delicious, I promise. I've wondered if it would rise more if I tried took the sieved chestnut puree and heated it in a dry pan in order to take some of the moisture out. Maybe it would--my memory might be failing, but I have the feeling that the torte rose more back when I started with whole chestnuts. But maybe not, given the high ratio of chestnuts and almonds to eggs. After all, a French spongecake made with the same techniques would use well under a cup of flour. Perhaps I should add another yolk and white?
I usually bake the torte the night before and then do all of the assembly the next day. If you wanted, though, you could bake in the morning and assemble in the afternoon. Putting the cake together after it's finished and cooled takes a little over an hour, or more, if you decide on a fancier finish.
Step 2: Making the filling and layering the cake
For the whipped cream filling: Put a large metal mixing bowl in the refrigerator so that it will be cold when you're ready to whip the cream. Then melt the chocolate in a double boiler. I just use a mixing boil set over a pot of barely simmering water:
I usually use Lindt chocolate with about 60-65% cacao, although this time I went up to 75%, because that's all the local grocery had at the moment. Dove bittersweet chocolate also works well, as will any chocolate with a smooth, creamy texture when it melts in your mouth.
Remove the melted chocolate from the heat and let it cool until it's lukewarm. Then take your metal mixing bowl out of the fridge, pour in the heavy cream or whipping cream, and beat the cream with an electric mixer or by hand until it's nicely whipped.
Use a rubber spatula to incorporate the whipped cream into the chocolate. Start with one fairly generous dollop of cream to lighten the chocolate. If you start with too much whipped cream, the chocolate will solidify, and you'll end up with flecks of chocolate suspended in your cream. But if that happens, don't worry--your filling will still be perfectly tasty, with a little added texture as well.
Gradually incorporate the rest of the whipped cream:
|Time for a break, and some finger-licking goodness.|
Now you're ready to start putting the torte together. Take a bread knife and split your chestnut almond cake in half horizontally:
|Can you see the large cracks in the top half?|
Don't worry if your two layers aren't the same thickness, or if one of them falls apart a bit--that's what glaze and icing are for. Honestly, this recipe is pretty forgiving, even if it seems complicated.
Use your rubber spatula to spread the chocolate whipped cream filling on the bottom half of your torte:
Now, place the top half of the torte over the filling layer:
I had a bit of a disaster, and the top broke into about half a dozen pieces when I tried to pick it up. But it really didn't make a difference, and it will make even less of a difference with the final steps.
Step 3: Apricot glaze
The apricot glaze is simplicity itself. Take about half a cup of apricot jam, add 2-3 Tbs. rum if desired, and heat it in a pot over medium low. When the jam starts bubbling, start stirring. When it thickens, the glaze is ready:
Immediately pour the hot glaze onto your torte and spread it evenly over the top with a spatula:
Remember the broken top layer? Now you can't see the cracks at all.
Step 4: Icing and finishing
For the icing, melt 4 oz. chocolate in a double boiler. Now here's the weird part: add 3-4 Tbs. water (or 6-8 Tbs., as in Reich's original recipe) to the melted chocolate. The results will look terrible, and you'll be certain you've ruined the chocolate, but stir the water in until the mixture has an even consistency. Then add 1-2 Tbs. butter, and mix until the butter is thoroughly incorporated.
I confess that the resulting icing this time around looks grainier than usual, perhaps because of the 75% cacao chocolate? It does taste smooth, and when I've made this icing in the past, it's had a smoother appearance as well, especially after it's had time to cool and harden. I confess that the addition of water strikes me as a pretty odd step, but the technique comes from Reich's mother, who apparently used it successfully. If you don't want to take chances, you can just add 6-8 Tbs. of butter to the melted chocolate and go with a much richer option, but I always thought there was already enough chocolate and cream to do the full butter topping.
Now things get messy, so at this point, I always put the torte on top of a small plate, to provide a little extra height to work with. Spread the icing on the top and sides of the torte:
If you take the more watery option and use the full 6-8 Tbs. of water, you will have a much runnier icing. You will be able to spread it across the top, but you will have to settle for letting it more or less run down the sides of the torte. That icing will harden nicely, however, so don't worry that you're going to end up with a soupy mess on top.
At this point, you can consider yourself done. I didn't like how my icing looked, though, so I decided to take a few more steps. First, since the icing was on the bitter side (again, thanks to the 75% cacao chocolate that I used), I used a sieve to sift powdered sugar on top of the torte. The powdered sugar appeared pretty messy, but I knew it would soak into the icing over time.
For the finish, I toasted some almond flour in a dry saute pan and then let it cool before sieving it on top of the torte and patting it onto the sides:
If your icing looks good, other more minimalist finishes include sprinkling toasted almond flour, toasted and coarsely chopped almonds, or if you thought ahead, a bit of saved chestnut puree around the outer edges of the torte, or taking a whole chestnut and placing it in the center.
I thought my torte still looked messy (the almond flour and chocolate icing all over the cutting board didn't help), and I happened to have some whole almonds in the kitchen, so I toasted a few in the saute pan and ringed them around the edges. Voila! Here is the finished chestnut almond torte:
Bon appetit (or perhaps I should say, Guten Appetit), and happy baking!